Sport: Basketball Inducted: 1980 Country: United States Born: September 20, 1907 in Galicia, Austria Died: August 7, 1999
An institution in American college basketball, Harry Litwack was head coach of the Temple University Owls for 21
years, from 1953 to 1974, leading his team to 14 consecutive winning seasons.
Litwack is credited with creating the innovative "zone defense."
The zone changed the posture of the game of basketball and
it necessary to develop totally new methods of coaching and
An outstanding basketball player in his own right at Temple
from 1927 to 1929 (captain 1928 and 1929), as well as star
player and coach for several years of the Philadelphia SPHAs,
Litwack's remarkable 21-year varsity coaching record
at Temple was 373 won and 193 lost, including the 1969 National
Invitational Tournament Championship.
At the time of his retirement in 1974, Litwack's record
was ranked fifth among America's active college basketball
coaches. He coached the 1957 United States Maccabiah basketball
Harry Litwack was elected to the Naismith Basketball Hall of Fame in 1975.